Phase II Environmental Site Assessment

Should recognized environmental conditions (RECs) be identified during a Phase  I Environmental Site Assessment, Federated Environmental further investigates the environmental concern through implementation of a testing project called a Phase II Environmental Site Assessment.  A Phase II Environmental Site Assessment typically includes   sampling and chemical analysis of building materials (asbestos, lead), solid wastes, drummed chemical wastes, soil, groundwater, surface waters, or other suspected hazardous materials. Data from the sampling effort is compiled and compared to federal and state published contaminant guidelines.

Geoprobe Photo

Groundwater Sampling Photo

Above, Geoprobe installation of soil test borings and temporary monitoring wells (Gautier, MS). Below, development of a 2″ groundwater monitoring well using a peristaltic pump (St. Joseph, MI).

Phase II Environmental Site Assessments are testing projects are designed to confirm or deny environmental contamination and quantify environmental risk.

Federated Environmental is experienced in designing and completing Phase II Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs) in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II Environmental Site Assessment Process, State and Federal requirements and customized to meet client needs and budgets. Federated Environmental has completed thousands of Phase II ESAs nationally at all types of sites and geologic settings and tested for variety of contaminants.

Prior to implementing a Phase II ESA, Federated Environmental confirms a strong understanding of the client goals and project. The scope of work is designed to meet the scrutiny of the various parties involved including commercial lenders, federal and state regulatory agencies, attorneys, and industry peers.

Federated Environmental has service agreement contracts with over twelve national Geoprobe®, hydraulic, continuous flight auger, and sonic drill rig contractors which allows for control of scheduling and costs.

Groundwater Integrity Testing (all parameters)

In addition to drinking water testing, Federated Environmental offers groundwater testing for all of the same parameters tested for in drinking waters. In order to make a determination whether contamination exists on a property, or to determine is a property has been successfully remediated, it is necessary to test the groundwater for the known contamination. Groundwater samples can be taken from drinking water wells, monitoring wells, springs, pits, ponds, lagoons, and leachate or seeps areas. Federated Environmental  offers these specific testing services as needed.

Many states differ in their regulation of groundwater contamination. The variation in regulations is usually associated with kind of contamination, kind of property, and location of property. Many states simply approach each contamination case and make judgments based on a risk assessment of the property’s condition, which includes the above factors among others. Federated Environmental has extensive experience in performing such risk-based assessments, and negotiating with regulatory agencies to determine the most cost-effective and expedient means to manage groundwater contamination problems. In some areas of the United States, significant groundwater contamination exists for many square miles (e.g., Phoenix, Arizona, Los Angeles, California, and others). Federated Environmental can develop and execute a specialized groundwater testing plan that will determine the identity, and thus the source, of contamination.

Sample Phase II Environmental Site Assessments: Subsurface Investigations

Project: Subsurface Investigation of Abandoned Gasoline Station and Adjacent Office Building

Client: Major Oil Company and Property Management Company

Project Location: Phoenix, Arizona

Federated Environmental was notified by an office building management company of gasoline odors in their elevators and was asked to investigate. Federated Environmental  developed a comprehensive subsurface investigation of the office property and discovered that the gasoline fumes were coming from an abandoned gasoline station located on an immediate adjacent property. The gasoline station was listed as a leaking UST site, but it appeared that no efforts were being made to address the station property. Federated Environmental determined that the depth to groundwater in the area was 85’, and that gasoline from the station had migrated downward to the groundwater and moved laterally underneath the office building. The oil company that owned the gasoline station began cleanup and compensatory activities quickly after reviewing the Federated Environmental  report on the investigation.

Project: Subsurface Investigation of a Small Commercial Nursery

Client: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Project Location: Northern New Jersey

Federated Environmental  was retained to perform a subsurface investigation of a small commercial nursery in New Jersey. A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment of the property revealed significant quantities of hazardous pesticides (DDT, 2,4 D, heptachlor, toxaphene, lindane, TEPP, and others) on-site in broken bags, jugs, sprayers, and other containers. The site has two dug wells that were used for water and consumption purposes. Federated Environmental, through the completion of its planned subsurface investigation protocols, discovered these chemicals and others at dangerously high levels in the groundwater and well water. In addition, the data revealed that the contamination had migrated into the groundwater underneath the adjacent streets. No contamination was confirmed on nearby properties, although the federal EPA issued an administrative order for the nearby properties served by wells to install special water treatment systems. The report was provided to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, who in turn determined that the asset was too contaminated to sell off. The property is listed as a federal Superfund site, a state hazardous waste site, and is currently abandoned. The site sits abandoned to this day.

Oily Soil